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Diagnoses & Disorders

The Maryland Center for Neuro-Ophthalmology and Neuro-Otology has expertise in the evaluation, management and treatment of neuro-ophthalmologic disorders. Common diagnosis and disorders requiring referral to a neuro-ophthalmologist includes:


  • Optic nerve disorders
    • Optic neuritis
    • Ischemic optic neuropathy
  • Cranial Nerve Palsy
    • Third (3rd) or Oculomotor nerve palsy
    • Fourth (4th) or Trochlear nerve palsy
    • Sixth (6th) or Abducen nerve palsy
    • Seventh (7th) or Facial nerve palsy
  • Strokes
  • Eyelid abnormalities
    • Ptosis (drooping)
    • Blepharospasm
  • Headaches
  • Bell’s Palsy (Facial nerve palsy)
  • Hemifacial spasms
  • Essential Blepharospasm
  • Drusen
  • Pituitary Tumor
  • Horner’s syndrome
  • Thyroid Eye Disease
  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Brain Tumors
  • Idiopathic intracranial hypertension or pseudotumor cerebri
  • Giant Cell Arteritis

Additional information regarding the various neuro-ophthalmology, diagnoses and disorders can be found at (The following links take you to patient-friendly information provided by

NOTICE:  The information provided on this site is intended for your general knowledge only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions.  You should not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting with a qualified healthcare provider.  Please consult your healthcare provider with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your condition.